Best Aquatic Plants | Bagbani

Best Aquatic Plants

There are countless reasons why anyone would want to introduce aquatic plants into the ecosystem. The beauty of these plants is definitely one of those many reasons and below are a few more:

  • Plants carry out photosynthesis, which raises the proportion of oxygen in the water.
  • These plants assists in purifying the water
  • These plants prevents the water from growing hostile plants such as algae in the water
  • Water plants can help avoid flooding and violent tides in oceans as well as other marine areas.

Aquatic plants and other species in water like fishes have interdependent relationships. The fishes produce nutrients for the plants and these aquatic plants offer shelter to the fishes. Like these, there are many other water species that solely depend on these plants to survive. Growing more of these plants in the water will add a striking wildlife element to the clear water around us like ponds, outdoor water gardens, lakes. Besides this basic but relevant importance in the nature of these plants, let’s explore more about these plants in detail.


Aquatic plants are perennial herb that has evolved to live in the marine ecosystem. These plants are indeed attributed to it as macrophytes or hydrophytes in order to differentiate it from other macrophytes and algae.  Macrophytes are plants that grow underwater or near water. These are the kinds that are either submerged, floats or emergents.

The word aquatic plants are widely often used plants that originate entirely underwater or even with leaves floating upon the surface of the sea. Sections of the plant, especially flowering buds, will sometimes rise just above the water. Many other marine plants reside in freshwater—lakes, streams, rivers.

List & facts about Aquatic Plants

1.   Lotus:

If you ever wish to grow lotus indoors, first you must grow this plant in the soil and then in water as Lotus is very sensitive and needs that extra care during the initial days of its growth. Lotus cannot resist low temperatures.

Fun Fact: Lotus can rise approximately around twenty inches just above the water, which distinguishes itself from other fascinating botanical varieties such as arrowheads or marigolds.

2.   Gold Pothos:

Gold Pothos is also called Money Plant and it looks exactly like any other money plant that you would usually find. Money Plant is indeed a convenient place to grow as an indoor freshwater aquatic plant. When it begins to mature, it’s pretty tough and can survive regardless of being neglected. Aside from this one, one such plant is also considered to be a lucky charm that brings riches and prosperity.

Fun Fact: The leaves of these plants can only turn golden when the plant is well taken care of.

3.   Water Hyacinth:

The plant is known because of its robust growth. It extends widely over a brief amount of time and consumes out all the oxygen from the water.  This shortage of oxygen content in the water has been the cause of the extinction of the amount of fish, a staple in Bengal, which is why the plant has received the title of terror in Bengal.

Fun Fact: Water Hyacinth is perceived as the worst aquatic herb in the world.

4.   Water Chestnut:

Everyone has had a taste of Singhara or Water chestnut once in their life. But did you know it is an aquatic crop that grows mainly in tropical and subtropical regions? This nut thrives in nutrient-rich waters. Moreover, it is full of nutrients and has uses in curries and snacks.

Fun Fact: It is considered to be a healthy snack as the nutrients in water chestnuts keep you full which promotes weight loss.

5.   Water Stargrass

This is one of the most beautiful aquatic plants as it is a submerged kind of plant which grows underwater completely. You can have these plants to grow in your home aquarium as they grow really fast or use just as decoratives. These plants do not require much care as well and require only sufficient sunlight.

Fun Fact: Water stargrass is named for the yellow flowers that appear like little stars sailing over the water.

6.   Water Lilies:

Typically the ornamental plant, the water lilies, are very resilient and quite easy to produce. Water Lilies are emergent in nature, it needs some medium in order to grow. Initially one must plant it in the soil and then it can be transferred to the water. You can however disperse this vine from the leaves; you just need to isolate the bud-growing leaves from its parent plant and end up leaving them inside the water till the time the flowers, as well as the root, spread out.

Fun Fact: Water Lilies have 70 different species of their own.

7.   Water Lettuce:

Water Lettuce is a freshwater aquatic plant that has silky green leaves developing very long without roots. In addition, this plant is among the most active freshwater marine species with a high nutritional value. Particularly those desecrated by human wastewater like fertilizer/sewage.   

Fun Fact: It requires a special permit to grow in Florida as the herb grows aggressively once it starts growing.

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